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    所在位置:湖南自考网 > 复习资料 > 模拟练习 > 2023年10月湖南自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第七章

    2023年10月湖南自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第七章

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      2023年10月湖南自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第七章

      Unit 7 Inner Voice

      Your Inner Voice

      ① (1)My day started just like all the other days for the past 15 years where I get up, make some coffee, shower, get dressed and leave for the train station at precisely 7:35 A.M. to arrive at work by 8:30. While on the train I would always choose a seat away from the crowd so I can read the newspaper in peace and quiet. (2)At work I am always being bombarded with questions from coworkers, suppliers, telephone and then those dreaded meetings, so the last thing I need is some stranger to sit beside me and make small talk.

      本部分重点及难点:

      1. My day started just like all the other days for the past 15 years where I get up, make some coffee, shower, get dressed and leave for the train station at precisely 7:35 A.M. to arrive at work by 8:30.

      (1) where引导定语从句,先行词为days。

      (2) make coffee冲咖啡,煮咖啡

      (3) get dressed穿好衣服

      (4) leave for 动身去……

      2. At work I am always being bombarded with questions from coworkers, suppliers, telephone and then those dreaded meetings, so the last thing I need is some stranger to sit beside me and make small talk. 工作中,我要无休止地应对同事、供应商提出的各种问题,电话总是响个不停,还有那些令人恐惧的会议,所以我最不想做的事就是和坐在身边的陌生人闲聊。

      (1) bombard sb. with questions 不断向某人提问

      (2) the last thing…最不想……的事情

      He is the last person I want to work with.

      Lying is the last thing he'll do.

      请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!

      【单选题】13. He is the person I dislike most. In other words, he is _______ I will like.

      · A. the last person

      · B. the worst person

      · C. the first person

      · D. the least person

      【答案】A

      【解析】本题考查"习惯用法the last person / thing …"。the last person / thing…意为"最不……的人/物"。the last person I will like相当于the person I dislike most,意为"我最不喜欢的人,我最讨厌的人"。

      【知识点】习惯用法the last person / thing …

      ② I don't know why but for some reason when I got on the train today it was unusually full, something I don't recall ever happening in the past. With hesitation I sat down in the only seat available beside a middle-aged man that had his head down and seemed to be lost in his thoughts. I was glad that he didn't notice when I sat next to him as he just continued to look down towards the floor.

      ③ (3)Shortly after the train left for my 30-minute ride downtown I found myself wondering what this man was thinking about. What could be so important that he didn't even see me sit next to him? I tried to forget about it and started to read my paper. (4)However, for some strange reason this inner voice kept prompting me to talk to this man. (5)I tried to ignore the voice as there was no way I was starting a conversation with a complete stranger.(承上句)

      本部分重点及难点:

      3. Shortly after the train left for my 30-minute ride downtown I found myself wondering what this man was thinking about.

      find在这里接现在分词短语作宾补,还可接过去分词作宾补。例如:

      When he came to, he found himself lying in hospital.

      The man found himself surrounded by half a dozen boys.

      4. However, for some strange reason this inner voice kept prompting me to talk to this man.

      (1) keep doing sth.

      (2) prompt sb. to do sth. 促使某人做某事,督促某人做某事

      5. I tried to ignore the voice as there was no way I was starting a conversation with a complete stranger.

      (1) ignore:pay no attention to … on purpose

      (2) there is no way … 没有办法……

      ④ (6)As you probably guessed I eventually broke down and came up with an excuse to ask him a question. When he raised his head and turned his eyes towards me I could see that he must have been really upset as he had red eyes and still had some tears rolling down the side of his face despite his feeble attempt to wipe them away. (7) I can't describe the sadness I felt seeing someone in so much pain.

      ⑤ We talked for about 20 minutes and in the end he seemed to be doing better. (8)As we were leaving the train he thanked me profusely for being an angel by taking the time to talk. (9)I never did find out what was making his heart so heavy with pain but was glad I listened to the voice that day.

      ⑥ Several weeks had passed when I noticed an envelope on my desk after returning from lunch. It was not addressed to anyone and only had the word angel written on it. (10)My receptionist attached a note saying a gentleman dropped it off saying he did not know my name but had described me well enough that the receptionist knew it was for me. When I read the note inside the envelope I was so filled with emotions that I couldn't contain myself. It was a letter from the man I met on the train thanking me again for talking to him and saving his life that day.(承上句)

      ⑦ Apparently he had some very hurtful personal problems that were so overwhelming that he was planning to take his life that day. In his letter he went on to explain that he was a religious person and in desperation screamed out to God that if God really cared about him he would send someone to prevent him from taking his life. In his eyes I was that someone, that Angel sent by God.(承上句)

      本部分重点及难点:

      6. As you probably guessed I eventually broke down and came up with an excuse to ask him a question.

      (1) break down 出故障;分解;失败;垮掉

      (2) come up with 提出;想出

      区分:come down with 病倒,染上

      7. I can't describe the sadness I felt seeing someone in so much pain.

      seeing someone in so much pain 作状语,表示原因。这句话相当于Seeing someone in so much pain I felt very sad, and I couldn't describe the sadness.

      8. As we were leaving the train he thanked me profusely for being an angel by taking the time to talk.

      (1) thank sb. for (doing) sth.

      (2) by taking the time to talk作状语修饰being an angel。

      9. I never did find out what was making his heart so heavy with pain but was glad I listened to the voice that day.

      heavy with pain中with表示原因,类似的短语还有:

      be wet with sweat

      be breathless / out of breath with excitement

      shake with laughter

      tremble with cold / anger

      10. My receptionist attached a note saying a gentleman dropped it off saying he did not know my name but had described me well enough that the receptionist knew it was for me.

      本句的主干是My receptionist attached a note.。 saying…作定语修饰a note,a gentleman dropped it off but had described me well enough that the receptionist knew it was for me作saying的宾语,but后省略了主语a gentleman。saying he didn't know my name作定语修饰a gentleman。but后面的内容,其中well enough that… 相当于so well that…。

      本句话的译文为"我的接待员在信封上贴了一张便条,上面写道:这封信是一个绅士留下的,他说他不知道我的名字,但从他细致的描述可知他所说的人是我。"

      ⑧ (11)Not being a religious person myself I don't know what that voice was that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger but I do know that it made a difference in someone's life that day. So the next time you feel prompted for no apparent reason to talk to a friend, relative, neighbor or even a complete stranger please remember my story, you just may make a difference in someone's life when you listen to your inner voice.

      本部分重点及难点:

      11. Not being a religious person myself I don't know what that voice was that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger but I do know that it made a difference in someone's life that day.

      句子的主干是I don't know what that voice was but I do know that that it made a difference in someone's life that day.

      (1) not being a religious person myself是现在分词短语作状语,表示原因。这里要注意的是非谓语动词的否定形式,要在前面加not,现分的完成形式是not having done sth.,而不是having not done sth.。例如:

      Not having finished his homework in time, he was criticized by the teacher.

      (2) what that voice was that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger作know的宾语从句。切记宾语从句要用陈述句语序。再如:

      Can you tell me where he comes from?

      Tell me what's wrong / the matter / the trouble with you and maybe I can help you.

      (3) take a chance 冒险一试,尝试一下

      (4) that made me take a chance and talk to a stranger是定语从句,先行词是the voice,意为"让我冒险一试和陌生人说话的声音"。

      (5) make a difference 有影响,有关系,有重要性

      请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!

      【单选题】14. _______, he didn't get a high score in the final exam.

      · A. Not to work hard

      · B. To not work hard

      · C. Having not worked hard

      · D. Not having worked hard

      【答案】D

      【解析】本题考查非谓语动词的否定形式。非谓语动词的否定形式要在前面加not,首先排除B和C。不定式表示动作还没有发生,故不能选A。现分的完成形式是not having done sth.,而不是having not done sth.,故选择D。

      【知识点】非谓语动词的否定形式

      III. 部分练习讲解

      P236 Bridging the Gap

      Directions: Fill in the blanks with a word or a phrase that best completes the passage. You may choose a suitable one from the list given.

      解题方法:把词分类

      动词     名词   形容词   副词    代词

      interact   night   whose  accordingly  what

      view     view    nonstop  nonstop

      end up   opportunity

      choose

      Our words have power, and our speech has the power to set the energy or the directions we 1 choosein our lives. If we say good and positive things, good and positive things (experiences) happen to us. These words give us the 2 opportunityto experience life from a positive or optimistic point of 3 view, on the other hand, we come from negativity and say negative things, 4 accordinglynegative things happen to us or we 5 end upseeing life as one big problem or disappointment.

      While we are all familiar with our external speech or voice, we also have another voice that we work with and 6 interactwith every day. This is our "inner voice". While at first glance you may think: "what is inner voice?" But when you come right down to it, we are all familiar with our inner voice. Our inner voice is that small utterance that comes from deep within us, 7 whosejob it is to provide us with guidance. This is a different kind of communication than 8 whatcomes from our normal waking consciousness, which I call our "analyzer". When our analyzer is talking, the communication we receive tends to seem more like a 9 nonstopconversation that goes on inside our heads all day and sometimes well into the 10 night .

      Make a Good First Impression

      1 At a dinner party in New York, one of the guests, a woman who had inherited money, was eager to make a pleasing impression on everyone. She had squandered a modest fortune on sables, diamonds and pearls. (1)But she hadn't done anything whatsoever about her face.(承上启下句)It radiated sourness and selfishness. (2)She didn't realize what everyone knows: namely, the expression one wears on one's face is far more important than the clothes one wears on one's back.

      2 (3)Actions speak louder than words, and a smile says, "I like you. You make me happy. I am glad to see you." That is why dogs make such a hit. They are so glad to see us that they almost jump out of their skins. So, naturally, we are glad to see them. (承上总结句)

      本部分重点及难点:

      1. whatsoever(也作whatever)adv. 用在no+名词、nothing、none等之后,以加强语气。

      如:There can be no doubt whatever about it. 这件事毫无疑问。

      -Are there any signs of improvement? -None whatsoever. "有改进的迹象吗?""一点儿都没有。"

      2. She didn't realize what everyone knows: namely, the expression one wears on one's face is far more important than the clothes one wears on one's back.

      wear:have (a certain look) on one's face 流露(某种神态)

      He face wore a puzzled frown. 他皱着眉显出不悦的样子。

      The house wore a neglected look. 这所房子像是无人照管的样子。

      wear: 穿戴,佩带,蓄,留

      wear a beard / coat / hat / ring / watch

      She never wears green.

      She wears her hair long ./ She wears long hair.

      这句话的意思是"她不知道所有人都知道的道理,那就是:一个人脸上的表情比身上的衣服重要多了。"

      3. Actions speak louder than words, and…

      事实胜于雄辩;行动胜于空谈;行动比言语更有说服力;百说不如一干。

      3 A baby's smile has the same effect.

      4 Have you ever been in a doctor's waiting room and looked around at all the glum faces waiting impatiently to be seen? (4)Dr. Stephen K. Sproul, a veterinarian in Raytown, Missouri, told of a typical spring day when his waiting room was full of clients waiting to have their pets inoculated. No one was talking to anyone else, and all were probably thinking of a dozen other things they would rather be doing than "wasting time" sitting in that office. He told one of our classes:

      本部分重点及难点:

      4. Dr. Stephen K. Sproul, a veterinarian in Raytown, Missouri, told of a typical spring day when his waiting room was full of clients waiting to have their pets inoculated.

      (1) tell of 讲述,讲到

      (2) have their pets inoculated给狗接种,给狗打预防针

      have sth. done

      He will have one's hair cut / dyed tomorrow.

      He had his face cut while shaving.

      He will have all the dishes cleared away while working as a waiter in that restaurant.

      请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!

      【单选题】15. His car was seriously damaged in the accident and he'll have to _______ tomorrow.

      · A. have it repairing

      · B. have it been repaired

      · C. have it repaired

      · D. have it being repaired

      【答案】C

      【解析】本题考查have sth. done。have sth. done意思是"请人做某事",have one's car repaired意为"请人修车",故选C。

      【知识点】have sth. done

      5 "There were six or seven clients waiting when a young woman came in with a nine-month-old baby and a kitten. (5)As luck would have it, she sat down next to a gentleman who was more than a little distraught about the long wait for service. The next thing he knew, the baby just looked up at him with that great big smile that is so characteristic of babies. What did that gentleman do? Just what you and I would do, of course; he smiled back at the baby. Soon he struck up a conversation with the woman about her baby and his grandchildren, and soon the entire reception room joined in, and the boredom and tension were converted into a pleasant and enjoyable experience."

      6 (6)The ancient Chinese were a wise lot - wise in the ways of the world; and they had a proverb that you and I ought to cut out and paste inside our hats. It goes like this, "A man without a smiling face must not open a shop."

      7 Your smile is a messenger of your goodwill.(主题句)Your smile brightens the lives of all who see it. To someone who has seen a dozen people frown, scowl or turn their faces away, your smile is like the sun breaking through the clouds. Especially when that someone is under pressure from his bosses, his customers, his teachers or parents or children, a smile can help him realize that all is not hopeless - that there is joy in the world.

      本部分重点及难点:

      5. As luck would have it, she sat down next to a gentleman who was more than a little distraught about the long wait for service.

      as luck would have it 碰巧;真幸运;幸而

      more than a little distraught: very upset and anxious

      6. The ancient Chinese were a wise lot - wise in the ways of the world(人情世故); and they had a proverb that you and I ought to cut out and paste inside our hats.

      (1) lot: (同类人或物的)组,批,群

      Nobody in the first lot of applicants was suitable for the job.

      (2) ways of the world 人情世故

      (3) cut out and paste inside our hats

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