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    所在位置:湖南自考网 > 复习资料 > 模拟练习 > 2023年10月湖南自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第四章

    2023年10月湖南自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第四章

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      2023年10月湖南自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第四章

      Unit 4 The Joy of Work

      Work Is a Blessing

      ① I grew up in Lakeland, Louisiana, one of 12 children. We all lived on my parents' subsistence farm(自给自足的农场). We grew cotton, sugar cane, corn, hogs, chickens and had a large garden, but it didn't bring in much cash. So when I was 12, I got a part-time job on a dairy farm down the road, helping to milk cows. We milked 65 cows at 5 in the morning, and again at 2 in the afternoon, seven days a week.

      ② In the kitchen one Saturday before daylight, I riiber complaining to my father and grandfather about having to go milk those cows. My father said, "Ya know, boy, to work is a blessing."

      ③ I looked at those two men who'd worked harder than I ever had - my father eking out a living on that farm, and my grandfather farming and working as a carpenter during the Depression. (1)I had a feeling I had been told something really important, but it took many years before it sank in.(承上、总结的话)

      ④ Going to college was a rare privilege for a kid from Lakeland, Louisiana. My father told me if I picked something to study that I liked doing, I'd always look forward to my work. But he also added, "Even having a job you hate is better than not having a job at all." I wanted to be a farmer, but I joined the ROTC(美)后备军官训练队,预备役军官训练营(Reserve Officers' Training Corps) program to help pay for college. (2)And what started out as an obligation to the Army became a way of life that I stayed committed to for 37 years, three months and three days.

      本部分重点及难点:

      1. I had a feeling I had been told something really important, but it took many years before it sank in. 我有种感觉--父亲跟我说了一些确实重要的东西,但许多年后我才真正理解。

      sink in: be understood

      It took many years for the teachers' words to sink in.

      2. And what started out as an obligation to the Army became a way of life that I stayed committed to for 37 years, three months and three days.

      (1) an obligation to the Army 对于部队的义务

      (2) a way of life 生活方式

      (3) stay / be committed to 致力于

      He has been committed to working for the people heart and soul for more than twenty years.

      (4) 译文:当时的"义务"从军便成为了我的生活方式--我在部队服役长达37 年三个月零三天。

      ⑤ In the late 1980s, during a visit to Bangladesh, I saw a woman with her baby on her back, breaking bricks with a hammer. I asked a Bangladesh military escort why they weren't using a machine, which would have been a lot easier. He told me a machine would put that lady out of work. Breaking those bricks meant she'd earn enough money to feed herself and her baby that day. (3)And as bad as that woman's job was, it was enough to keep a small family alive. It riinded me of my father's words: to work is a blessing.(承上、总结的句子)

      本部分重点及难点:

      3. And as bad as that woman's job was, it was enough to keep a small family alive.

      此处疑似错句,应省略前面的as,即改为:And bad as that woman's job was, it was enough to keep a small family alive. 虽然她的工作实在很糟糕,但那却足够养活一个小家庭。

      as意为"虽然",用于倒装,句式如下:

      Though he is very young, he is very learned.=Young as he is, he is very learned.

      Though he is an old man, he is very energetic.=Old man as he is, he is very energetic.

      Though I like him very much, I won't do his homework for him.

      =Much as I like him, I won't do his homework for him.

      Though he tried, he failed again.=Try as he did, he failed again.

      请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!

      【单选题】7. _______, he is very gentle and has a sweet voice.

      · A. As he is boy

      · B. As he is a boy

      · C. A boy as he is

      · D. Boy as he is

      【答案】D

      【解析】本题考查as用于倒装句。Although/though he is a boy=boy as he is,这里一定要注意的是修饰可数名词单数形式的不定冠词要省略。这句话的意思是"虽然他是个男孩,他非常温和而且声音甜美。"

      【知识点】as用于倒装句

      ⑥ Serving in the United States Army overseas, I saw a lot of people like that woman in Bangladesh. And I've come to believe that people without jobs are not free. They're victims of crime, the ideology of terrorism, poor health, depression and social unrest. These victims become the illegal immigrants, the slaves of human trafficking, the drug dealers, and the street gang mibers. I've seen it over and over again on the U.S. border, in Somalia, the Congo, Afghanistan and in New Orleans. People who have jobs can have a home, send their kids to school, develop a sense of pride, contribute to the good of the community and even help others. When we can work, we are free. (总结概括的句子)We are blessed.

      ⑦ I don't think I'll ever quit working. I'm retired from the Army, but I'm still working to help people be prepared for disasters. And I may get to do a little farming someday, too. I'm not going to stop. I believe in my father's words. I believe in the blessing of work.

      III. 部分练习讲解

      P168 Bridging the Gap

      Directions: Fill in the blanks with a word or a phrase that best completes the passage. You may choose a suitable one from the list given.

      解题方法:把词分类

      动词       名词     形容词

      improve     weight    stressed

      check out    priority    different

      clearing away  routine    routine

      arrive route

      We all get the Monday blues from time to time, but there are ways to 1 improveyour working life and be happy at work. If you're going through a rough patch(经历难关,经历一段困难时期) at work or are lacking job satisfaction, 2 check outthese ways to boost your mood and have a happier work day.

      If your workday often leaves you feeling 3 stressed and overwhelmed, it is time to calm things down by getting more organized. Firstly, make sure you 4 arrive a few minutes early for work to give you time to organize your tasks for the day and get mentally prepared. Secondly, organize your space by 5 clearing awayany clutter and streamlining your workspace. Finally, make a list of everything that you need to do that day in order of 6 priority. lf you can, try taking care of the more difficult things first to help take a 7 weightoff your mind.

      Variety is the spice of life, and this is never truer than when it comes to your working day. Following the same 8 routineday in, day out can quickly cause boredom and dissatisfaction to set in, so try making every day a little 9 differentin any way you can. Try doing routine tasks in a different order, talking to someone new or taking a different 10 routeto work. If you really can't shake up(重组) your workday itself, instead try organizing something fun and different to do on your lunch break every so often.

      以上就是2023年10月湖南自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第四章的全部内容!湖南自考模拟练习题频道为湖南省考生提供自学考试模拟练习,自考模拟练习题,自考模拟练习题答案等相关资讯。

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